Test Norms and Interpretation
 Grade Level Comparisons


Individual TSI respondents' subscale and scale scores can also be compared to the norms established for the elementary school sample (n = 791), the middle school sample (n = 499), or the secondary school sample (n = 1,420), as appropriate.

1. Identify to which comparison group the respondent's scores will be compared: elementary, middle, or secondary.

2. Identify the appropriate table for each of the reference groups: Table 7 for the elementary sample, Table 8 for the middle school sample, or Table 9 for the secondary school sample. Proceed to the appropriate table.

3. As in previous examples, the stress source subscales are listed across the top, the stress manifestations across the middle, and the total stress scores across the bottom. Identify the subscale/scale against which the comparison (s) will be made. Under the subscale/scale title is a range of potential scores; find the score within the range that is immediately smaller than the actual TSI score; look to the leftmost column. This column indicates the decile range in which the respondent's score fell. The lower the decile range, the smaller the TSI score; the larger the TSI score, the higher the decile range. TSI subscale or scale scores that fall in the higher ranges for any of these subsamples should act as a source of recommendations for potential interventions; problems with Time Management, for example, should prompt the teacher's attention to any number of time management skills that can be acquired with time and practice.