Life Events


Numerous "life events" that cause and result in stress have been proposed by other investigators. Albrecht (1979) cited psychological factors, social pressures and challenges, physical factors, and relationships and transactions as major sources of stress. Additionally, one of the most widely used stress inventories -- the Social Readjustment Rating Scale developed by Holmes and Rahe (1967) -- has been frequently used to assess stress experienced by teachers and other human service workers. There is little doubt that some type of relationship exists between the stress prompted by everyday life and that experienced by teachers on the job. The factors that cause stress in the world of work, however, probably prove quite different in nature and magnitude from those experienced beyond the workplace. Holmes and Rahe's scale, for example, contains 43 items-only 6 of which have anything to do with work. Of these, none actually represent the day-to-day events experienced by teachers (unless, of course, one loses one's job on a daily basis). Thus, life events represent a different set of problems -- and constructs -- to the practitioner and researcher from those classed as "work events."