Test Norms and Interpretation
 Reference Groups Comparisons


Individual TSI respondents' subscale and scale scores can be compared to the norms established for the combined sample (n = 3,401), the regular education sample (n = 962), or the special education norm sample (n = 2,352), as appropriate.

1. Identify to which comparison group the respondent's scores will be compared: regular, special, and/or combined.

2. Identify the appropriate table for each of the reference groups: Table 2 for the combined sample, Table 3 for the regular sample, and/or Table 4 for the special education sample. Proceed to the appropriate table.

3. Note that on each table, the stress source subscales are listed across the top, the stress manifestations across the middle, and the total stress scores across the bottom. Identify the subscale/scale against which the comparison will be made. Under the subscale/scale title is a range of potential scores. Find the score within the range that is immediately smaller than the actual TSI score; look to the leftmost column. This column indicates the decile range in which the respondent's score fell. The lower the decile range, the smaller the TSI score; the larger the TSI score, the higher the decile range.