Introduction
  Role Stress

 

Other researchers, particularly those in the United Kingdom, have attempted to define occupational stress operationally in terms of the degree of conflict and ambiguity experienced in one's job. Following this work, numerous researchers in the United States have used these factors to predict burnout levels in both regular (Schwab, 1980) and special education (Crane, 1981) teachers. Based on the assumption that variables other than one's teaching role can aggravate stress levels, the TSI is composed of variables different from, and much more teacher-specific than, those measured by instruments used to assess role conflict and role ambiguity.